Autism is a complex developmental disability that causes problems with social interaction and communication. The symptoms typically start before the age of three and can cause delays or problems in many different skills that develop from infancy to adulthood.
The main signs and symptoms of autism involve problems in the following areas:
communication - both verbal and non-verbal, such as pointing, eye contact, and smiling, social, such as sharing emotions, understanding how others think and feel, and holding a conversation, and repetitive behaviors like as repeating words or actions, obsessively following routines or schedules, and playing in repetitive ways.
The symptoms of autism can usually be observed by 18 months of age. There is no cure for autism, but there is much treatment for autism disorders as behavioral therapy and other therapeutic options, educational and/or school-based options, and medication options. Autism is more common in boys (National Institute of Health, 2011).